HOMEABOUT USPARTNERSHIPSITE MAPFAQ/HELPCONTACT USCALL US @ 7-812-303-8647MOSCOW LOCAL TIME: 23:50
AROUND THE CITY
Quick Facts
Essentials
Sights & Attractions
Theaters & Concert Halls
Moscow Suburbs
Restaurants & Bars
Moscow Hotels
Shopping
Children's Moscow
FEATURES
Photo Gallery
360° Panoramas
TRAVEL SERVICES
Train Tickets
Airport Transfers
Apartment Rentals
BUSINESS
Conference Facilities
Event Organizers
Exhibition Centers

The St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Tower

The St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Tower in Moscow Kremlin The St. Nicholas Tower, on the northern side of the Kremlin near the State Historical Museum, was built in 1492, at the same time as the neighbouring Spasskaya Tower. A gateway once ran through the sturdy base of the tower, defended by a bastion and drawbridge. The tower's name stems from an Icon of St. Nicholas mounted above the gate. Traditionally, disputes and arguments were resolved beneath the icon.

The gate led to the boyars' mansions and the monastic buildings within the Kremlin.

In 1612, during the struggle with Polish interventionists, a Russian volunteer army led by Duke Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin burst through the gates of the tower to liberate the Kremlin from the enemy. In 1812 a section of the tower, including the roof, was destroyed by French troops. From 1816-1819, the tower was reconstructed, and the damaged roof replaced with a new Gothic one made of iron, with openwork details. Four white-stone corner turrets were added to the tower's base.

During the October Revolution the St. Nicholas Tower was badly damaged by artillery fire, but was repaired within a year.

The tower measures 70 meters including the red star erected in 1937.

MEMBER SERVICES
Trip Planner
Event Alerts
E-mail Newsletters
Copyright © 2000-2014 , Inc. All rights reserved.
Press Center | FAQ/Support | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice | Disclaimer | Careers
Advertising Info | Link to Us | Bookmark Us | Contact Us | 7-812-303-8647